A Charitable Remainder Trust (CRT) is an irrevocable trust that provides for periodic payments to be paid to individual beneficiaries with a remainder paid to a charity. CRTs are versatile estate planning tools that can be used to meet various goals – to reduce income taxes, to defer capital gains taxes, to generate lifetime income for the donor or others, and to benefit charities.
A CRT may be funded by a donor with cash, securities, real estate or tangible personal property (such as artwork). The CRT terms must provide that the donor (and/or his or her spouse or other family member) receive periodic payments for life or a term of years. The payments may be a percentage of the trust assets (a “unitrust” percentage between 5% and 50% of the total trust assets) or a fixed annuity amount. The payments may be made annually or more frequently. The CRT terms may vary in other ways.
At the end of the term or on the death of the surviving beneficiary, the remaining assets in the CRT are paid to a charity or charities selected by the donor. The donor may select the charities when the CRT is established, but may change the charities at a later time. To qualify under tax laws, the remainder passing to charity must be at least 10% of the total fair market value of the trust assets.
CRTs offer significant tax benefits. When the CRT is established, the donor receives an income tax deduction for the value of the remainder that passes to charities. In addition, capital gains taxes are deferred until distributions are made.
CRTs are a versatile estate planning tool. We have used them in our practice to meet a variety of client goals. Stay tuned for an upcoming post on case studies from our practice.
Image from flickr/Jinho Jung