In my previous post, I discussed the structure and tax benefits of Charitable Remainder Trusts, and the ways in which CRTs can be used to meet various estate planning goals. The following case studies from our practice illustrate how our clients have used CRTs to meet their goals.
Case Study #1
Client Goal – To sell highly appreciated stock without paying substantial capital gains taxes
Howard owned stock in a highly appreciated life sciences corporation. The stock was valued at over $1 million and had a very low tax basis. Howard wished to sell the stock to take advantage of market growth, but the capital gains tax due following the sale would be substantial. Instead of selling the stock himself, Howard established a Charitable Remainder Unitrust (CRUT). He transferred the stock to the CRUT, and the CRUT sold the stock. Howard received an income tax deduction when the CRUT was established and deferred capital gains taxes. He and his wife will receive from the CRUT annual payments of 30% of the trust assets for their lifetimes.
Case Study #2
Client Goal – To generate income for retirement
Bob and Nancy owned a Massachusetts vacation home valued at over $5 million. Bob had inherited the house many decades ago and it had a low tax basis. The couple’s other assets – including retirement accounts, investment accounts, and a primary residence – were modest and therefore insufficient for retirement. Bob and Nancy, now in their mid 60s, wished to sell the house so they would have sufficient income for their retirements. Rather than sell the house and incur capital gains taxes, Bob and Nancy established a Flip CRUT to which they deeded the house. They received an income tax deduction and deferred capital gains taxes. Following the sale of the house, and for the remainder of their lifetimes, Bob and Nancy will receive quarterly payments of 6% of the trust assets. These payments will allow them to retire comfortably.
Case Study #3
Client Goal – To be charitable
Samuel was unmarried and never had any children. His total assets were valued at approximately $6 million. Samuel was philanthropic by nature and specifically wished to benefit charities that provided educational opportunities for gifted children. Therefore, Samuel established a CRUT to which he transferred ownership of approximately $1 million of appreciated real estate and investments. He received an income tax deduction and, if the house were sold, would be able to defer capital gains taxes. For the remainder of his lifetime, Samuel received annual payments of 5% of the total trust assets to supplement his retirement income. On his death, the remaining trust assets passed to a charitable foundation whose purpose was to fund educational opportunities for gifted children.
Case Study #4
Client Goal – To provide future income to a child
Eleanor was in her late 80s with declining health. Her husband had predeceased her by many years and she had one daughter, Janice. Eleanor was seeking ways in which to pass a portion of her $8 million dollar estate to Janice prior to her death. Eleanor made substantial taxable gifts,. She also established a CRUT that would pay to Janice a unitrust percentage of 5% for a term of twenty (20) years. The CRUT was funded with marketable securities with a low tax basis. Eleanor received an immediate income tax deduction. Janice will receive supplementary income for twenty (20) years. At the end of the term, Janice will select public charities to which the trust remainder will pass.