When interest rates are low – as they are this summer – some estate tax planning strategies become particularly advantageous. In my last post I wrote about the benefits of intra-family loans with a low applicable federal rate (AFR). It is also a good time to consider the following other estate tax planning strategies – Grantor Retained Annuity Trusts (GRATs) and Charitable Lead Annuity Trusts (CLATs).
Grantor Retained Annuity Trusts (GRATs)
A GRAT is an irrevocable trust funded by a grantor for the ultimate benefit of children, grandchildren, or other beneficiaries. During the trust term, the grantor retains the right to an annual annuity. In a “zeroed-out” GRAT, the value of the annuity is equal to the value of the original gift to the trust plus interest at the Section 7520 rate set by the IRS each month. Any appreciation above the annuity amount passes to the beneficiaries gift tax-free. It is a tax-advantaged way to pass assets to children or grandchildren.
GRATs work especially well when interest rates are low. The 7520 rate has been falling since the beginning of 2019. The August 2019 rate is 2.2%, which is low. For that reason, it may be a good time for you to established and fund a GRAT. You will retain the right to an annuity for the GRAT term and your children or grandchildren will benefit from a tax-free gift at the end of the term.
Charitable Lead Annuity Trusts (CLATs)
A CLAT is another type of irrevocable trust that is effective when interest rates are low. During the CLAT term, an annuity of a set amount is paid to a charity. At the end of the term, whatever is left in the trust passes to the trust beneficiaries – typically children and grandchildren – gift and estate tax-free.
The present value of the charitable annuity must be equal to the initial gift to the trust, but the present value is discounted by the 7520 rate. A low 7520 rate means that more will pass to children and grandchildren. CLATs are a great tax-advantaged way to support a charity as well as benefit your family. A low 7520 rate makes CLATs an even more appealing estate tax planning strategy.